European Hand-and-a-Half Sword
- Dated: circa 1500-20
- Culture: Spanish or Italian
- Measurements: blade length: 35”
This sword was carried by a knight in full armor. Like many of its period, it is built on a heavy broad blade capable of breaching armor of the weight worn on the extremities and neck as well as the mail and leather armor of the swarms of foot troops whose focus was to unhorse and kill the knight. The blade bears a mark in the form of a crescent on each side. The quillons are turned down and the ring guard is an early use of that feature. The resulting form was used well into the 16th century.
The quillon terminals and pommel are relief decorated in large leaf foliage. The “hock bottle” grip allows the sword to be used with one hand or two. When used with two, the base of the pommel serves as a rest for the second hand. The choice for two hand use is a grave decision, as it abandons the left hand defense, usually a shield, and requires that every attacking stroke be met and deflected with the sword until an opportunity for a strike presents itself. The blade edge shows the effect of a few glancing (deflected) blows.
Source: Copyright © 2013 Faganarms Inc.
- Dated: 20th century
- Medium: steel, silver
- Measurements: overall length: 67 cm (26.4 inch)
The sword is made of steel blade and it is decorated with Damascened-inlaid motifs of stylized foliage and inscriptions from the Koran. It has a silvered-metal scabbard and grip decorated with chiseled scrolling foliage and mother-of-pearl.
Source: Copyright © 2013 Expertissim
Scythian Long Iron Dagger
- Dated: 4th-3rd century B.C.E.
- Place of Origin: Black Sea region
- Medium: iron
- Measurements: L. 17 1/8 in. (44 cm)
The dagger has a double-edged blade, typically formed crosspiece and a wide tang with lateral grooves and wide pommel.
- The Scythians were Iranic equestrian tribes who were mentioned as inhabiting large areas in the central Eurasian steppes starting with the 7th century BCE up until the 4th century AD.
- Their territories during the Iron Age were known to classical Greek sources as “Scythia”. Their historical appearance coincided with the rise of equestrian semi-nomadism from the Carpathian Mountains of Europe to Mongolia in the Far East during the 1st millennium BCE.
- The “classical Scythians” known to ancient Greek historians were located in the northern Black Sea and fore-Caucasus region. However, other Scythian groups encountered in Near Eastern and Achaemenid sources existed in Central Asia.
- Moreover, the term “Scythian” is also used by modern scholars in an archaeological context, i.e. any region perceived to display attributes of the “Scytho-Siberian” culture.
- Dated: 17th century
- Culture: Italian
- Medium: steel, iron wire, wood
- Measurements: overall length 124 cm
The sword has a thin, straight blade of lozenge section, grooved at the first part. The iron hilt features a cup with two bands chiselled with floral motifs, one of them pierced and a twisted border bent toward the outside.
The straight quillons and the guard are decorated with spirals and rosettes at the edges. The sword is completed by a chiselled pommel, wooden grip with iron wire binding and moor’s heads.